She stayed in Switzerland with her mother who passed away due to tuberculosis.
It was during her interview that Rabindranath Tagore named her Priyadarshini, and she came to be known as Indira Priyadarshini Nehru. She had to make repeated trips to Switzerland to recover, disrupting her studies. She was being treated there inwhen the Nazi armies rapidly conquered Europe.
Gandhi tried to return to England through Portugal but was left stranded for nearly two months. She managed to enter England in earlyand from there returned to India without completing her studies at Oxford.
The university later awarded her an honorary degree. InOxford further honoured her by selecting her as one of the ten Oxasians, illustrious Asian graduates from the University of Oxford. In the s, Indira, now Mrs Indira Gandhi after her marriage, served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as the first Prime Minister of India.
In that capacity, she was instrumental in getting the Communist led Kerala State Government dismissed in Congress party veteran K. Congress President Kamaraj orchestrated Mrs.
At the end of this term inshe was such a dominating figure in Indian politics that a Congress party president had coined the phrase "India is Indira and Indira is India. At the beginning of her first term as prime minister, Indira was widely criticized by the media and the opposition as a "Goongi goodiya" Hindi word for a dumb doll or puppet of the Congress party bosses who had got her elected and tried to constrain her.
Indira Gandhi was born November 11, to the parents Jawaharl and Kamala Nehru. She came from a family of power, as both parents were prime ministers of India, and her mother was a freedom fighter. Although assassinated on October 31, at the age of 67, before her passing, she won multiple awards and [ ]. Oct 31, · Find out more about the history of Indira Gandhi, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on mtb15.com Essay on Indira Gandhi (First Lady Prime Minister of India) December 21, by Study Mentor Leave a Comment Indira Gandhi was the first lady Prime Minister of India.
The Congress Party won a reduced majority for the Lok sabha in these elections owing to widespread disenchantment over rising prices of commodities, unemployment, economic stagnation and a food crisis. Indira Gandhi had started on a rocky note after agreeing to a devaluation of the rupeewhich created much hardship for Indian businesses and consumers, and the import of wheat from the United States fell through due to political disputes.
Following the elections, Indira Gandhi gradually started moving towards socialist policies. Inshe fell out with senior Congress party leaders on a number of issues. Chief among them was the decision by Indira to support V. Girithe independent candidate rather than the official Congress party candidate Neelam Sanjiva Reddy for the vacant position of President of India.
The other was the announcement by the prime minister of Bank nationalization without consulting the finance minister, Morarji Desai. These steps culminated in Party president S.
Nijalingappa expelling her from the party for indiscipline. The Indira faction, called Congress Rlost its majority in the parliament but remained in power with the support of regional parties such as DMK. On the other hand, the combined opposition alliance had a two word manifesto of "Indira Hatao" Remove Indira.
This would allow her to bypass the dominant rural castes both in and of state and local governments; likewise the urban commercial class.
And, for their part, the previously voiceless poor would at last gain both political worth and political weight[ citation needed ]. The programs created through Garibi Hataothough carried out locally, were funded and developed by the Central Government in New Delhi.
The program was supervised and staffed by the Indian National Congress party. Some of these were due to high inflation which was in turn caused by war time expenses, drought in some parts of the country and more importantly, the oil crisis.
The opposition to Gandhi in —75 period, after the Indira wave had receded, was strongest in the states of Bihar and Gujarat.
In Bihar, Jayaprakash Narayanthe veteran leader came out of retirement to lead the protest movement there. In an election petition filed by her opponent, Raj Narain who later on defeated her in parliamentary election from Raebarelialleged several major as well as minor instances of using government resources for campaigning.
According to constitutionthe Prime Minister must be a member of either the Lok Sabha the lower house in the Parliament of India or a member of the Rajya Sabha the upper house. Thus, this decision effectively removed her from office.
Gandhi had asked one of her colleagues in government, Mr.
Ashoke Kumar Sen to defend her in court. But Gandhi rejected calls to resign and announced plans to appeal to the Supreme Court. Gandhi, who gave evidence in her defence during the trial, was found guilty of dishonest election practices, excessive election expenditure, and of using government machinery and officials for party purposes.
Indira Gandhi with Richard NixonGandhi insisted that the conviction did not undermine her position, despite having been unseated from the lower house of parliament, Lok Sabha, by order of the High Court.
And she dismissed criticism of the way her Congress Party raised election campaign money, saying all parties used the same methods. The prime minister retained the support of her party, which issued a statement backing her. After news of the verdict spread, hundreds of supporters demonstrated outside her house, pledging their loyalty.Indira Gandhi was born as Indira Nehru in a Kashmiri Pandit family on 19 November in Allahabad.
Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a leading figure in India's political struggle for independence from British rule, and became the first Prime Minister of the Dominion (and later Republic) of India. . Essay about civilization study guide.
Immigration history essay persuasive Science technology essay topics grade 11 analytical report essay laboratory incident free opinion essay writer programs Forms of writing essay keywords Indira gandhi malayalam essay. The period in history usually considered to have begun with the first use of the atomic bomb ().
It is characterized by nuclear energy as a military, industrial, and sociopolitical mtb15.com called atomic age. Oct 31, · Find out more about the history of Indira Gandhi, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on mtb15.com Indira Gandhi; 3rd Prime Minister of India; In office 14 January – 31 October later she went on to study at the Visva-Bharati University in Santiniketan.
It was during her interview that she briefly attended the Badminton School before enrolling at Somerville College in to study history. Indira had to take the entrance. Essay on Indira Gandhi (First Lady Prime Minister of India) December 21, by Study Mentor Leave a Comment Indira Gandhi was the first lady Prime Minister of India.